Genetics and Personality Disorders

Genetics and Personality Disorders

I’ve been reading about mindset in a curious way. It goes back to an old discussion in philosophy class many years ago. Do we have free will? Or are we “pre-determined” to do things. 

A review of the literature demonstrates that the genetic component in certain personality disorders (mainly the Antisocial and Schizotypal) is strong (Thapar and McGuffin, 1993). Nigg and Goldsmith found a connection in 1993 between the Schizoid and Paranoid personality disorders and schizophrenia. The three authors of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology (Livesley, Jackson, and Schroeder) joined forces with Jang in 1993 to study whether 18 of the personality dimensions were heritable.

They found that 40 to 60% of the recurrence of certain personality traits across generations can be explained by heredity: anxiousness, callousness, cognitive distortion, compulsivity, identity problems, oppositionality, rejection, restricted expression, social avoidance, stimulus seeking, and suspiciousness. Each and every one of these qualities is associated with a personality disorder. In a roundabout way, therefore, this study supports the hypothesis that personality disorders are hereditary. This would go a long way towards explaining why in the same family, with the same set of parents and an identical emotional environment, some siblings grow to have personality disorders, while others are perfectly “normal”. Surely, this indicates a genetic predisposition of some people to developing personality disorders.

That doesn’t mean we’re pre-determined to be a certain way or do things a certain way. Our brain – a physical object – is the residence of mental health and its disorders. Mental illness cannot be explained without resorting to the body and, especially, to the brain. Our genetic makeup makes us resemble a personal computer. We are an all-purpose, universal, machine. Subject to the right programming (conditioning, socialization, education, upbringing) – we can turn out to be anything and everything. A computer can imitate any other kind of discrete machine, given the right software. It can play music, screen movies, calculate, print, paint. Compare this to a television set – it is constructed and expected to do one, and only one, thing. It has a single purpose and a unitary function. We, humans, are more like computers than like television sets.

According to the research, single genes rarely account for any behavior or trait. An array of coordinated genes is required to explain even the minutest human activity. Yet, it would seem that even complex behaviors such as risk taking, reckless driving, and compulsive shopping have genetic underpinnings.”Read MoreLiveslye, W.J., Jank, K.L., Jackson, B.N., VernonFree Articles, P.A.. 1993. Genetic and environmental contributions to dimensions of personality disorders. Am. J. Psychiatry. 150(O12):1826-31.

What does all this mean for personal responsibility and mindset? 

It appears that we are more than the sum of our genes. We can make choices. Sometimes those choices aren’t to our liking or to our benefit. But we must be responsible for the consequences of those actions. One way or another. It’s not good enough to say, “oh well, that’s the way I am” as an excuse to avoid the responsibility for our actions. 

I’m looking at my actions in a different light now. I hope you do too.

Ohio State University’s New Plan For A Debt-Free Undergraduate Education

Ohio State University’s New Plan For A Debt-Free Undergraduate Education

Ohio State University’s New Plan For A Debt-Free Undergraduate Education

Ohio State University (OSU) has unveiled a long-term plan intended to make it possible for its students to earn an undergraduate degree, debt-free. The “Scarlet and Gray Advantage” is part of OSU President Kristina M. Johnson’s vision for the university, which she described during her November 19, 2021 investiture speech.

“By reaching for excellence in everything we do, and by organizing ourselves for effectiveness and influence, we are going to make The Ohio State University just what it should be: the greatest land-grant university of the 21st century,” said Johnson, Ohio State’s 16th president. 

It’s expected that it will take about ten years to bring the new program to scale. Key to its development is Ohio State’s commitment to raise $800 million for student scholarships, but the program involves more than merely adding more scholarship opportunities. It also will require that students themselves take an active role in tapping the key additional sources of support the university will organize.

Here are the main components of the plan:

  • Scholarships: To expand its institutional scholarships, Ohio State will raise $800 million, including $500 million in endowments. To kick start this campaign and boost the impact of early gifts, the university and lead donors are creating a $50 million pool to match the first $50 million in private donations. Donors who contribute at least $100,000 to endowed scholarships while the match is available will have their gifts doubled in size.
  • Work opportunities: Working with employers throughout the state and country, Ohio State will expand its network of paid job and internship opportunities, giving students more opportunities to earn money, develop job skills and prepare for their post-college careers. The new work and internship positions will be offered both on campus and through outside employers.
  • Education and coaching: Scarlet & Gray Advantage students will participate in financial literacy programs, leadership and career counseling, and other programs to enhance their path to success.

The plan will be pilot tested in the fall 2022 semester, when the university will select 125 new first-year students to take part in the initial Scarlet & Gray Advantage cohort. Details about how those students will be selected will be determined next year as the incoming class is finalized.

A number of universities – most of them private – have introduced debt-free programs for their students over the past several years, but Ohio State, a public, land-grant institution that enrolls more than 53,000 undergraduates, would become one of the nation’s largest debt-free college programs, when its plan is fully realized.

With total student loan debt reaching as high as $1.7 trillion in 2021, those colleges that claim to offer a debt-free education have typically done so by replacing student loans in their financial aid packages with grants or scholarships that don’t have to be repaid. But like the Ohio State plan, “no student loans” is not the same as “free college.” Most universities will still require that students make some contribution and/or engage in part-time employment, while others may include parent loans in their calculation.

The Scarlet & Gray Advantage will come in addition to other affordability initiatives that Ohio State has used to reduce loan debt for its undergraduates. For example, since 2018, the Ohio State Tuition Guarantee has locked in tuition, housing and dining costs for each entering cohort of undergraduates for four years.

In 2020, less than half (47%) of OSU’s bachelor’s degree recipients graduated with debt, and these borrowers owed an average of $27,133, considerably less than the national average.

President Johnson believes that the Scarlet & Gray Advantage will be distinctive in higher education, claiming that “by teaching our students to successfully manage their finances, we will be offering far more than a debt-free degree — we will be turbocharging the next generation of change-makers.”

Ohio State’s plan will be watched closely by its peer institutions, particularly those in the Big Ten Conference. If it proves to be feasible at an institution the size of Ohio State, other flagship universities will feel the pressure to follow suit. That spells good news for thousands of prospective students and their families.

Published on Sat, 27 Nov 2021 06:00:00 -0500

Simple Truths of Leadership Turn Common Sense into Common Practice

Simple Truths of Leadership Turn Common Sense into Common Practice

Note: This is a repost… First published on SmartBrief.comPublished on Sun, 10 Oct 2021 10:19:20 -0400

Leadership is a complex endeavor, but it doesn’t have to be complicated.

We often tend to make things more complicated than they need to be and that’s true in the field of leadership. To prove my point, go to and search their book listings for the word “leadership” and see how many returns you get (but wait until you finish reading this article!).

What if I told you the key to being a successful leader was to make common sense common practice, and to do that, you need to remember and follow some important simple truths?

Ken Blanchard and I hold that belief and we’ve seen it proven throughout our careers. In our forthcoming book, Simple Truths of Leadership—52 Ways to Be a Servant Leader and Build Trust (February 1, 2022, Barrett-Kohler Publishers), we share a collection of simple truths that reflect common sense practices people can use to make their work and life—as well as the lives of the people they care about—happier and more satisfying.

Effective leadership is an inside job. It is a question of the heart. It’s all about a leader’s character and intention. Why are you leading? Is it to serve or to be served?

The most persistent barrier to being a servant leader is a heart motivated by self-interest. Self-serving leaders put their own agenda, safety, status, and gratification ahead of others who are impacted by the leaders’ thoughts and actions.

The shift from self-serving leadership to leadership that serves others is motivated by a change of heart. If leaders don’t get their heart right, they will never become servant leaders.

The following are two critical simple truths and suggestions on how to be a trusted servant leader.

Simple Truth—Servant leadership is the best way to achieve both great results and great relationships.

Organizational leaders often have an either/or attitude toward results and people. For example, leaders who focus only on results may have trouble creating great relationships with their people and leaders who focus mainly on relationships may have trouble getting desired results.

Yet you can get both great results and great relationships if you understand the two parts of servant leadership:

  • The leadership aspect focuses on vision, direction, and results—where you as a leader hope to take your people. Leaders should involve others in setting direction and determining desired results, but if people don’t know where they’re headed or what they’re meant to accomplish, the fault lies with the leader.
  • The servant aspect focuses on working side by side in relationship with your people. Once the vision and direction are clear, the leader’s role shifts to service—helping people accomplish the agreed-upon goals.

Making Common Sense Common Practice

This one-two punch of the aspects of servant leadership enables you to create both great results and great relationships:

  1. Let your people know what they’re being asked to do by setting the vision and direction with their help. In other words, vision and direction, while the responsibility of the leader, is not a top-down process.
  2. During implementation, assure your people you are there to serve, not to be served. Your responsibility is to help them accomplish their goals through training, feedback, listening, and communication.

Servant leadership is the vehicle to building trust. Servant leaders act in ways that inspire trust in their followers. They are distinguished by putting the needs of their followers ahead of their own.

When team members believe their leader has their best interests at heart and is there to support them in achieving their goals, trust in their leader grows by leaps and bounds.

Trust is an outcome. If we act in trustworthy ways, we build trust. If we behave in an untrustworthy manner, we erode trust. It’s common sense—but not always common practice.

Simple Truth—Leadership begins with trust.

Some leaders charge headlong into setting strategies and goals for their teams without giving much thought to building trust. Yet trust is the foundation of any successful, healthy relationship. When you have the trust of your team, all things are possible. Creativity, innovation, productivity, efficiency, and morale flourish. If your team doesn’t trust you, you get resistance, disengagement, apathy, and, ultimately, failure.

The most successful leaders realize their number one priority is to build trust with their team. Trustworthy leaders demonstrate competence in their roles, act with integrity, show care and concern for team members, and honor their commitments by following through on their promises.

Making Common Sense Common Practice

Does your team perceive you as trustworthy? If you’re not sure, ask them. Here are a few sample questions:

  • Do you have confidence in my leadership/management abilities? Where or how can I improve?
  • Do I walk my talk? Where can I be more consistent in my behavior?
  • How well do I listen to you? Do our interactions leave you feeling heard, valued, and supported?
  • Am I dependable? Do you trust that I’ll follow through on my commitments?

Demonstrating your vulnerability by having a discussion with your people about trust is a powerful way to introduce servant leadership in your workplace.

Leadership is complex but we don’t need to make it complicated. Following simple truths of leadership is the way to turn common sense into common practice. Keep it simple!


Genetics and Personality Disorders

Genetics and Personality Disorders

I've been reading about mindset in a curious way. It goes back to an old discussion in philosophy class many years ago. Do we have free will? Or are we "pre-determined" to do things.  A review of the literature demonstrates that the genetic component in certain...

read more

Reach Us

If you’re in Southern California, look us up.

4455 Murphy Canyon Rd, Suite 145
San Diego, CA 92123

(858) 707-5117
Want A Thriving Technology Business? Focus On IoT in Chemical Industry Market

Want A Thriving Technology Business? Focus On IoT in Chemical Industry Market

Want A Thriving Business? Focus On IoT in Chemical Industry Market by 2021-2027

Note: This is a repost from

Want A Thriving Business? Focus On IoT in Chemical Industry

The IoT in Chemical Industry research consists of an in-depth govt summary additionally to an analysis of the examine’s key industries’ growth developments. additionally, the planning at appears at how the competitive dynamics of the worldwide market are changing. The facts included in this report can benefit both installed market players and newbies within the industry.


Market Segmentation
Based on the most recent events and ancient statistics, reviews offer graphical estimates for the following years. to amass records and estimate revenue for all regions of the IoT in Chemical Industry market, researchers used pinnacle-down and backside-up methodologies.  supported information amassed from several research processes additionally to professional information assets, the reports will aid both existing and new aspirants inside the market in determining and researching the enterprise’s wishes, market size, and competitiveness.

Ask For Customized Report As Per Your Business Requirement @

COVID-19 Impact Analysis
This report investigates the impact of the COVID19 pandemic on the profits of industry leaders, followers and turmoil. Lapse measures are applied differently in different countries, so the impact will be different for each market area and for all segments. This study looked at the current short- and long-term impact on the IoT in Chemical Industry market. This helps policymakers come up with short- and long-term business plans for each industry.

  • North America [United States, Canada]
  • Europe [Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Russia]
  • Asia-Pacific [China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, China Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia]
  • Latin America [Mexico, Brazil, Argentina]
  • Middle East & Africa [Turkey, Saudi Arabia, UAE]

Competitive Scenario
The IoT in Chemical Industry market report also includes facts of top companies, along with their product/business portfolios, market share, financial status, nearby share, phase revenue, SWOT evaluation, key strategies like mergers and acquisitions, product traits, joint ventures & partnerships, and expansions, additionally to their maximum recent news. All of the vital applications and traits of the leading firms are all right tested inside the market research.It additionally includes information on the manufacturing centers of the principal corporations inside the operational zones. Each organization’s pricing fashions, income information, overall revenues, and IoT in Chemical Industry market share are all vital considerations. The key players that have recently introduced partnerships, acquisitions, and growth plans also are included within the report.

Purchase This Report @

Key Questions Answered in the IoT in Chemical Industry Market Report
Which geographical areas can have the foremost important international market effect?
What elements are most probable to reason common demand to upward thrust during the assessment duration?
What are the foremost effective techniques being utilized by market actors to boost their role during this market?

Report Conclusion
A IoT in Chemical Industry market studies take a glance at could be a wonderful thanks to studying the enterprise and its contemporary tendencies. they’ll assist you in making higher commercial enterprise choices by way of supplying facts on what your competitors are up to, wherein they will be heading, and the way to remain beforehand of them.

Contact Us:
Akash Anand
Head of Business Development & Strategy
Phone: +44 20 8144 2758

About Intelligence Market Report:
We provide in-depth market analyses that suit your organizational needs and allow decision-makers to run businesses effortlessly. We have achieved excellence in providing end-to-end market research solutions. Our brigade of industry experts gathers key information and prepares content that aligns with our client’s business/niche.

This release was published on openPR.
Published on Tue, 16 Nov 2021 23:55:14 -0500